sRNA 154 a newly identified regulator of nitrogen fixation in Methanosarcina mazei strain Gö1

RNA Biol. 2017 Nov 2;14(11):1544-1558. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2017.1306170. Epub 2017 Apr 27.


Trans-encoded sRNA154 is exclusively expressed under nitrogen (N)-deficiency in Methanosarcina mazei strain Gö1. The sRNA154 deletion strain showed a significant decrease in growth under N-limitation, pointing toward a regulatory role of sRNA154 in N-metabolism. Aiming to elucidate its regulatory function we characterized sRNA154 by means of biochemical and genetic approaches. 24 homologs of sRNA154 were identified in recently reported draft genomes of Methanosarcina strains, demonstrating high conservation in sequence and predicted secondary structure with two highly conserved single stranded loops. Transcriptome studies of sRNA154 deletion mutants by an RNA-seq approach uncovered nifH- and nrpA-mRNA, encoding the α-subunit of nitrogenase and the transcriptional activator of the nitrogen fixation (nif)-operon, as potential targets besides other components of the N-metabolism. Furthermore, results obtained from stability, complementation and western blot analysis, as well as in silico target predictions combined with electrophoretic mobility shift-assays, argue for a stabilizing effect of sRNA154 on the polycistronic nif-mRNA and nrpA-mRNA by binding with both loops. Further identified N-related targets were studied, which demonstrates that translation initiation of glnA2-mRNA, encoding glutamine synthetase2, appears to be affected by sRNA154 masking the ribosome binding site, whereas glnA1-mRNA appears to be stabilized by sRNA154. Overall, we propose that sRNA154 has a crucial regulatory role in N-metabolism in M. mazei by stabilizing the polycistronic mRNA encoding nitrogenase and glnA1-mRNA, as well as allowing a feed forward regulation of nif-gene expression by stabilizing nrpA-mRNA. Consequently, sRNA154 represents the first archaeal sRNA, for which a positive posttranscriptional regulation is demonstrated as well as inhibition of translation initiation.

Keywords: Methanosarcina mazei; RNA stability; nitrogen fixation; nitrogenase; regulatory RNAs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Archaeal Proteins / genetics*
  • Archaeal Proteins / metabolism
  • Base Sequence
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Archaeal*
  • Genome, Archaeal*
  • Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase / genetics
  • Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase / metabolism
  • Methanosarcina / genetics*
  • Methanosarcina / metabolism
  • Nitrogen / deficiency
  • Nitrogen Fixation / genetics*
  • Nucleic Acid Conformation
  • Operon
  • Oxidoreductases / genetics
  • Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • RNA, Archaeal / genetics*
  • RNA, Archaeal / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA


  • Archaeal Proteins
  • RNA, Archaeal
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Oxidoreductases
  • nitrogenase reductase
  • glutamine synthetase 2
  • Glutamate-Ammonia Ligase
  • Nitrogen