A major hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the formation of neurotoxic aggregates composed of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ). Aβ has been recognized to interact with numerous proteins, resulting in pathological changes to the metabolism of patients with AD. One such mitochondrial metabolic enzyme is amyloid-binding alcohol dehydrogenase (ABAD), where altered enzyme function caused by the Aβ-ABAD interaction is known to cause mitochondrial distress and cytotoxic effects, providing a feasible therapeutic target for AD drug development. Here we have established a high-throughput screening platform for the identification of modulators to the ABAD enzyme. A pilot screen with a total of 6759 compounds from the NIH Clinical Collections (NCC) and SelleckChem libraries and a selection of compounds from the BioAscent diversity collection have allowed validation and robustness to be optimized. The pilot screen revealed 16 potential inhibitors in the low µM range against ABAD with favorable physicochemical properties for blood-brain barrier penetration.
Keywords: enzyme assays or enzyme kinetics; ligand binding; neurodegenerative diseases; pharmacology; receptor binding; ultra-high-throughput screening.