Prevention of Sport-related Facial Injuries

Clin Sports Med. 2017 Apr;36(2):257-278. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2016.11.002. Epub 2017 Jan 11.


There is evidence that eye protection, mouth guards, helmets, and face guards are effective in reducing the risk of facial injury; however, such safety practices are not adopted universally by all athletes playing high-risk sports. Underlying beliefs about risk perception, comfort, ineffectiveness, utility, and a lack of awareness or enforcement have been identified as reasons people may not adopt preventive measures. There are several high-risk sports that have not mandated or do not enforce use of protective equipment. Valid evidence can assist with addressing the resistance caused by prevailing beliefs and could be essential in influencing rule changes.

Keywords: Dental injuries; Epidemiology; Eye injuries; Facial injuries; Maxillofacial injuries; Prevention; Sport injuries.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Eye Injuries / prevention & control
  • Eye Protective Devices
  • Facial Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Head Protective Devices
  • Humans
  • Maxillofacial Injuries / prevention & control
  • Mouth Protectors
  • Tooth Injuries / prevention & control