Implant-supported mandibular removable partial dentures: Functional, clinical and radiographical parameters in relation to implant position

Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2017 Jun;19(3):432-439. doi: 10.1111/cid.12484. Epub 2017 Mar 20.

Abstract

Background: Patients with a Kennedy class I situation often encounter problems with their removable partial denture (RPD).

Purpose: To assess the functional benefits of implant support to RPDs, the clinical performance of the implants and teeth and to determine the most favorable implant position: the premolar (PM) or molar (M) region.

Materials and methods: Thirty subjects received 2 PM and 2 M implants. A new RPD was made. Implant support was provided 3 months later. In a cross-over model, randomly, 2 implants (PM or M) supported the RPD during 3 months. Masticatory performance was assessed using the mixing ability index (MAI). Clinical and radiographic parameters were assessed. Non-parametric statistical analysis for related samples and post hoc comparisons were performed.

Results: Masticatory performance differed significantly between the stages of treatment (P < .001). MAI-scores improved with implant support although the implant position had no significant effect. No complications to the implants or RPD were observed and clinical and radiographical parameters for both implants and teeth were favorable. Higher scores for bleeding on probing were seen for molar implants.

Conclusions: Implant support to a Kennedy class I RPD significantly improves masticatory function, regardless of implant position. No major clinical problems were observed.

Keywords: clinical parameters; implant-supported removable partial denture; masticatory performance; randomized controlled crossover clinical trial.

MeSH terms

  • Dental Implants*
  • Denture, Partial, Removable*
  • Humans
  • Mandible*
  • Mastication / physiology

Substances

  • Dental Implants