Mounting evidence indicates that adverse activation of the complement system plays a role in the development of diabetic vascular complications. Plasma levels of the complement proteins mannan-binding lectin (MBL) and its associated serine proteases (MASP-1 and MASP-2) are elevated in diabetes. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the MASP1 gene may contribute to altered plasma levels of the belonging gene products; MASP-1, MASP-3 and mannan-binding lectin-associated protein of 44 kDa (MAp44) in patients with type 2 diabetes. To investigate this, we compared plasma levels of MASP-1, MASP-3 and MAp44 in 100 patients with type 2 diabetes and 100 sex- and age-matched controls. Ten carefully selected SNPs were analysed using TaqMan® genotyping assay. Additionally, we included a streptozotocin-induced diabetes mouse model to directly examine the effect of inducing diabetes on MASP-1 levels. MASP-1 levels were significantly higher among patients with type 2 diabetes compared with healthy controls (P = 0·017). Five SNPs (rs874603, rs72549254, rs3774275, rs67143992, rs850312) in the MASP1 gene were associated with plasma levels of MASP-1, MASP-3 and MAp44. In the diabetes mouse model, diabetic mice had significantly higher MASP-1 levels than control mice (P = 0·003). In conclusion, MASP-1 levels were higher among patients with type 2 diabetes and diabetic mice. The mechanism behind this increase remains elusive.
Keywords: complement; mannan-binding lectin-associated serine proteases; single nucleotide polymorphism; type 2 diabetes mellitus.
© 2017 British Society for Immunology.