Stimulus-dependent inhibition of platelet aggregation by the protein kinase C inhibitors polymyxin B, H-7 and staurosporine

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1988 Feb 29;151(1):542-7. doi: 10.1016/0006-291x(88)90628-6.


Thrombin, 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-rac-glycerol (OAG), cis- or trans-octadecadienoic acids (linoleic and linolelaidic acid) and the synergistic combination of octadecadienoic acids plus OAG lead to the activation of gel-filtered human platelets, i.e. aggregation via protein kinase C (PKC). Platelet activation by thrombin was only slightly suppressed by polymyxin B, 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7) or staurosporine, all being potent inhibitors of PKC in vitro. The OAG-induced aggregation, however, was strongly inhibited by H-7 or staurosporine but not by polymyxin B. In contrast, octadecadienoic acid-induced aggregation was substantially inhibited only by polymyxin B. Synergistic activation by OAG plus octadecadienoic acids was strongly suppressed by all three PKC inhibitors. Our results indicate (1) that the ability of various compounds to inhibit PKC in vitro does not correlate with their inhibitory effects in intact cells and (2) that platelet activation induced by various PKC activators exhibits differential PKC-inhibitor sensitivity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • 1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine
  • Alkaloids / pharmacology*
  • Diglycerides / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Isoquinolines / pharmacology*
  • Linoleic Acid
  • Linoleic Acids / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Piperazines / pharmacology*
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects*
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Polymyxin B / pharmacology*
  • Polymyxins / pharmacology*
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Staurosporine
  • Thrombin / pharmacology


  • Alkaloids
  • Diglycerides
  • Isoquinolines
  • Linoleic Acids
  • Piperazines
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Polymyxins
  • 1-(5-Isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-Methylpiperazine
  • 1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol
  • Linoleic Acid
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Thrombin
  • Staurosporine
  • Polymyxin B