Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 Predicts Negative Alterations in Whole-Body Insulin Sensitivity in Chronic HIV Infection

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2017 Jul;33(7):723-727. doi: 10.1089/AID.2016.0292. Epub 2017 Apr 18.


Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), a key negative regulator of fibrinolysis, has been investigated to be one of the potential mechanisms of the development of impaired insulin sensitivity, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus. Because chronically stable HIV-infected individuals frequently develop abnormal glucose metabolism, including insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus, we postulated that PAI-1 could be one of the multifactorial pathogenic roles in the development of impaired insulin sensitivity and insulin resistance among chronic HIV-infected individuals. From our longitudinal cohort study, we selectively recruited chronically stable HIV-infected individuals without diagnosis of diabetes mellitus at baseline (N = 62) to analyze the correlation of baseline inflammatory cytokines, including PAI-1 and whole-body insulin sensitivity, with 2-year follow-up, as measured by Matsuda Index. We found a negative correlation between baseline PAI-1 and Matsuda Index (r = -0.435, p = .001) and a negative correlation between baseline PAI-1 and Matsuda Index at 2 years (r = -0.377, p = .005). In a linear regression model that included age, total body fat mass percentage, serum amyloid A, and family history of diabetes mellitus, PAI-1 still remained significantly associated with Matsuda Index at 2-year follow-up (β = -.397, p = .002). Our longitudinal study suggests that PAI-1 is an independent predictor of impaired insulin sensitivity among chronic HIV-infected individuals.

Keywords: chronic HIV infection; insulin sensitivity; plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 / blood*


  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1