Dose-Dependent Suppression of Gonadotropins and Ovarian Hormones by Elagolix in Healthy Premenopausal Women

J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 May 1;102(5):1683-1691. doi: 10.1210/jc.2016-3845.


Context: Elagolix is a nonpeptide, oral gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist being developed for sex-hormone-dependent diseases in women.

Objective: We evaluated the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of elagolix.

Design, setting, and participants: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple-ascending dose study in 45 healthy premenopausal women at a research unit.

Interventions: Elagolix [150 mg once daily or 100, 200, 300, or 400 mg twice daily (BID)] or placebo was administered for 21 days.

Main outcome measures: Main outcome measures were elagolix pharmacokinetics, suppression of gonadotropics [follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH)] and ovarian hormones [estradiol (E2), progesterone (P)], and adverse events.

Results: Elagolix was rapidly absorbed after oral dosing, reaching maximum concentrations at 1.0 to 1.5 hours, with a half-life of 4 to 6 hours. FSH, LH, and E2 were suppressed within hours of elagolix administration on day 1. Dose-dependent suppression of E2 was observed, with maximum suppression achieved with elagolix 200 mg BID. Dose-dependent suppression of FSH and LH was also observed, with maximal or near-maximal suppression achieved at 300 mg BID and 200 mg BID, respectively. At elagolix doses ≥100 mg BID, P concentrations remained at anovulatory levels throughout 21 days of dosing. The most frequently reported adverse events were headache and hot flush.

Conclusions: Elagolix administration allows for modulation of gonadotropin and ovarian hormone concentrations, from partial suppression at lower doses to nearly full suppression at higher doses. The results of this study provide a rationale for elagolix dose selection for treatment of sex hormone-dependent diseases in women.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase I
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Estradiol / metabolism*
  • Female
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone / metabolism*
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Hormone Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated / pharmacology*
  • Luteinizing Hormone / drug effects*
  • Luteinizing Hormone / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Premenopause
  • Progesterone / metabolism*
  • Pyrimidines / pharmacology*
  • Young Adult


  • Hormone Antagonists
  • Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated
  • Pyrimidines
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
  • Progesterone
  • Estradiol
  • elagolix
  • Luteinizing Hormone
  • Follicle Stimulating Hormone