Developing a drug carrier system which could perform targeted and controlled release over a period of time is utmost concern in the pharmaceutical industry. This is more relevant when designing drug carriers for poorly water soluble drug molecules such as curcumin and 6-gingerol. Development of a drug carrier system which could overcome these limitations and perform controlled and targeted drug delivery is beneficial. This study describes a promising approach for the design of novel pH sensitive sodium alginate, hydroxyapatite bilayer coated iron oxide nanoparticle composite (IONP/HAp-NaAlg) via the co-precipitation approach. This system consists of a magnetic core for targeting and a NaAlg/HAp coating on the surface to accommodate the drug molecules. The nanocomposite was characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and thermogravimetric analysis. The loading efficiency and loading capacity of curcumin and 6-gingerol were examined. In vitro drug releasing behavior of curcumin and 6-gingerol was studied at pH 7.4 and pH 5.3 over a period of seven days at 37°C. The mechanism of drug release from the nanocomposite of each situation was studied using kinetic models and the results implied that, the release is typically via diffusion and a higher release was observed at pH 5.3. This bilayer coated system can be recognized as a potential drug delivery system for the purpose of curcumin and 6-gingerol release in targeted and controlled manner to treat diseases such as cancer.
Keywords: 6-Gingerol; Alginic acid sodium salt (PubChem CID: 5102882); Ammonium iron (II) sulfate hexahydrate (PubChem CID: 16211143); Ammonium iron (III) sulfate dodecahydrate (PubChem CID: 16211144); Calcium nitrate tetra hydrate (PubChem CID: 16211656); Controlled release; Curcumin; Curcumin (PubChem CID: 969516); Diammonium hydrogen phosphate (PubChem CID: 24540); Hydroxyapatite; Magnetic Fe(3)O(4); Sodium alginate; -Gingerol (PubChem CID: 442793).
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