Study question: What is the predictive value of trophectoderm mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) quantity for blastocyst reproductive potential?
Summary answer: This study demonstrates that, within a given cohort, mtDNA quantitation does not distinguish between embryos that implant and embryos that do not implant after double embryo transfer (DET).
What is already known: An association between implantation failure and increased quantities of mtDNA has been observed in two studies but not in a third.
Study design, size and duration: A total of 187 patients (nine who received donor oocytes) with DET of one male and one female euploid blastocyst were included in this retrospective study, with 69 singleton deliveries providing the primary dataset to evaluate the predictive value of mtDNA for reproductive potential between January 2010 and July 2016.
Participants/materials, setting and method: MtDNA was quantified in cell lines to validate the quantitative PCR assay on limited quantities of starting material and then applied to 374 blastocyst biopsies. Pregnancies resulting in a singleton outcome were analyzed and newborn gender was utilized as a means to identify the implanted embryo. MtDNA quantity was then compared between implanted and non-implanted embryos in order to define the predictive value of mtDNA content for reproductive potential in this subset of patients.
Main results and the role of chance: An initial comparison of mtDNA levels between all successful and unsuccessful embryos revealed no significant differences. In order to control for patient-specific variables, gender was subsequently used to identify the implanted embryo in DETs resulting in a singleton (n = 69). No systematic difference in relative mtDNA quantity was detected between implanted and non-implanted embryos.
Limitations, reasons for caution: This study was conducted at a single center and did not evaluate the entire cohort of embryos from each patient to evaluate cohort specific variation in mtDNA quantity. Although the largest of its kind so far, the sample size of DETs leading to a singleton was relatively small.
Wider implications of the findings: These data highlight the importance of control over patient-specific variables when evaluating candidate biomarkers of reproductive potential. All current available data suggest that mtDNA quantification needs further study before its clinical use to augment embryo selection.
Study funding/competing interests: The authors have no potential conflict of interest to declare. No external funding was obtained for this study.
Trial registration number: Not applicable.
Keywords: IVF; blastocyst; comprehensive chromosome screening; embryo selection; mitochondrial DNA.
© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology.