The E3 ubiquitin ligase CHIP/miR-92b/PTEN regulatory network contributes to tumorigenesis of glioblastoma

Am J Cancer Res. 2017 Feb 1;7(2):289-300. eCollection 2017.


Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most frequent, aggressive and fatal tumor in the central nervous system, while PTEN signaling is frequently deregulated in human GBM. We previously reported the up-regulation of the carboxyl terminal of Hsp70-interacting protein (CHIP) in GBM, however, the causal link between its dysregulation and tumorigenesis has not been established. Using miRNA microarrays and quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), we found activation of CHIP leads to increased transcription of miR-92b. Further studies in T98G and LN229 cells showed overexpression of miR-92b elicited reduction of PTEN and efficiently rescued glioma development in CHIP knock-down cells. The core pathway, PI3K/Akt pathway, was then upregulated, which promoted GBM cell proliferation. Meanwhile, genetic ablation of miR-92b could restore PTEN expression and inhibit glioma growth. These data demonstrate that the CHIP/miR-92b/PTEN axis serves as a new mechanism underlying GBM tumorigenesis, providing potential new therapeutic targets.

Keywords: CHIP; Glioblastoma; PTEN; microRNA-92b; tumorigenesis.