Type D personality, stress coping strategies and self-efficacy as predictors of Facebook intrusion

Psychiatry Res. 2017 Jul;253:33-37. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2017.03.022. Epub 2017 Mar 14.

Abstract

Recently, Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking sites. People use it more and more often. A number of studies have recently addressed the issue of excessive Facebook use, showing this phenomenon to be a spreading problem. The main aim of the present study was to examine whether Type D personality, self-efficacy and coping strategies are related to Facebook intrusion. The participants were 882 students of Polish universities, all of them Facebook users (72% women, mean age: 22.25 years, SD =2.06). We used the Facebook Intrusion Questionnaire, the Facebook Intensity Scale, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations, and the Type D Scale. We applied the pen-and-paper procedure. Our results indicate that emotion-oriented and avoidance-oriented strategies of coping in stressful situations are predictors of Facebook intrusion and Facebook intensity. The relations between both Facebook intrusion and intensity and social inhibition are significant only when emotion-oriented coping strategy is controlled. The knowledge of whether coping strategies in stressful situations, such as focus on emotions or avoidance, are related to Facebook intrusion might be useful for clinical purposes.

Keywords: Coping with stress; Facebook intensity; Facebook intrusion; Self-efficacy; Type D personality.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adult
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Poland
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Social Media*
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology*
  • Students / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Type D Personality*
  • Young Adult