Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis ameliorates sepsis in rats

Intensive Care Med Exp. 2017 Dec;5(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s40635-017-0129-2. Epub 2017 Mar 24.


Background: Overwhelming activation of granulocytes and monocytes is central to inflammatory responses during sepsis. Granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) is an extracorporeal leukocyte apheresis device filled with cellulose acetate beads and selectively adsorbs granulocytes and monocytes from the peripheral blood.

Methods: In this study, septic rats received the GMA treatment for 2 h at 18 h after cecal ligation and puncture.

Results: GMA selectively adsorbed activated neutrophils and monocytes from the peripheral blood, reduced serum inflammatory cytokine expression, and seemed to improve organ injuries and animal survival. GMA potentially reduced lung injury by alleviating the infiltration of inflammatory cells and the secretion of cytokines.

Conclusions: This study showed that selective granulocyte and monocyte adsorption with cellulose acetate beads might ameliorate cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis and improve survival and organ function.

Keywords: Adsorption; Cellulose acetate; Granulocyte; Inflammation; Monocyte; Sepsis.