The Sacral Autonomic Outflow Is Spinal, but Not "Sympathetic"

Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2017 Aug;300(8):1369-1370. doi: 10.1002/ar.23600. Epub 2017 Apr 4.


A recent article published in a high-profile journal proposed to reclassify the sacral autonomic outflow as being part of the sympathetic system. In this commentary, arguments against this erroneous proposal are provided. Anat Rec, 300:1369-1370, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Keywords: autonomic nervous system; parasympathetic; pelvic organ innervation; sympathetic.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Sacrum / physiology*
  • Sympathetic Nervous System / physiology*