Development and validation of a yoga module for Parkinson disease

J Complement Integr Med. 2017 Mar 25;14(3):/j/jcim.2017.14.issue-3/jcim-2015-0112/jcim-2015-0112.xml. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2015-0112.


Background Parkinson's disease (PD), a progressive neurodegenerative disease, affects motor and nonmotor functions, leading to severe debility and poor quality of life. Studies have reported the beneficial role of yoga in alleviating the symptoms of PD; however, a validated yoga module for PD is unavailable. This study developed and validated an integrated yoga module(IYM) for PD. Methods The IYM was prepared after a thorough review of classical yoga texts and previous findings. Twenty experienced yoga experts, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, were selected validating the content of the IYM. A total of 28 practices were included in the IYM, and each practice was discussed and rated as (i) not essential, (ii) useful but not essential, and (iii) essential; the content validity ratio (CVR) was calculated using Lawshe's formula. Results Data analysis revealed that of the 28 IYM practices, 21 exhibited significant content validity (cut-off value: 0.42, as calculated by applying Lawshe's formula for the CVR). Conclusions The IYM is valid for PD, with good content validity. However, future studies must determine the feasibility and efficacy of the developed module.

Keywords: Parkinson disease; neurological disorders; stiffness; tremors; yoga.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Parkinson Disease / therapy*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Yoga*