Inducible and Deterministic Forward Programming of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells into Neurons, Skeletal Myocytes, and Oligodendrocytes

Stem Cell Reports. 2017 Apr 11;8(4):803-812. doi: 10.1016/j.stemcr.2017.02.016. Epub 2017 Mar 23.


The isolation or in vitro derivation of many human cell types remains challenging and inefficient. Direct conversion of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) by forced expression of transcription factors provides a potential alternative. However, deficient inducible gene expression in hPSCs has compromised efficiencies of forward programming approaches. We have systematically optimized inducible gene expression in hPSCs using a dual genomic safe harbor gene-targeting strategy. This approach provides a powerful platform for the generation of human cell types by forward programming. We report robust and deterministic reprogramming of hPSCs into neurons and functional skeletal myocytes. Finally, we present a forward programming strategy for rapid and highly efficient generation of human oligodendrocytes.

Keywords: human pluripotent stem cells; neurons; oligodendrocyte progenitor cells; reprogramming; skeletal myocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Cell Line
  • Cellular Reprogramming
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Targeting / methods*
  • Humans
  • Muscle Development
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal / cytology*
  • Muscle Fibers, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Neurogenesis
  • Neurons / cytology*
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Oligodendroglia / cytology*
  • Oligodendroglia / metabolism
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Pluripotent Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Transgenes
  • Up-Regulation