Aim: Our study examined the growth and nutritional intake of children on milk and/or wheat, barley or rye elimination diets.
Methods: This was a nested case-control study within the Finnish Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention Study. It investigated 295 children born in the Tampere University Hospital area between 1997 and 2004 on a diet without cows' milk and/or wheat, barley or rye due to food allergies and 265 matched controls. Nutritional intake was recorded with three-day food records at the ages of one, two and three years. Serial growth measurements were recorded annually up to the age of five years.
Results: Despite consuming a balanced diet with sufficient energy and protein, the children on milk elimination diets grew slower than the control children (p = 0.009). Wheat, barley or rye elimination was not associated with growth. The intakes of protein and calcium were lower in children in the milk elimination group than the controls, at p < 0.05 for all. However, children on elimination diets consumed less saturated fats and sugar and more vitamin C and iron than the control children.
Conclusion: Children on elimination diets faced an increased risk of growth deceleration and suboptimal intake of several micronutrients.
Keywords: Children; Elimination diet; Food allergies; Growth; Nutritional intake.
©2017 Foundation Acta Paediatrica. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.