Insight into high myopia and the macula

Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017 Feb;65(2):85-91. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_863_16.


The incidence of myopia is constantly on the rise. Patients of high myopia and pathological myopia are young and can lose vision due to a number of degenerative changes occurring at the macula. With the emergence of new technologies such as swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography, our understanding of macular pathology in myopia has improved significantly. New conditions such as myopic traction maculopathy have been defined. Early, noninvasive detection of myopic choroidal neovascularization and its differentiation from lacquer cracks is possible with a greater degree of certainty. We discuss the impact of these new exciting and promising technologies and management of macular pathology in myopia. Incorporation of OCT in the microscope has also improved macular surgery. New concepts such as fovea-sparing internal limiting membrane peeling have emerged. A review of literature and our experience in managing all these conditions are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Choroid / pathology*
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / diagnosis
  • Choroidal Neovascularization / etiology*
  • Fluorescein Angiography / methods*
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Humans
  • Macula Lutea / pathology*
  • Myopia, Degenerative / complications*
  • Myopia, Degenerative / diagnosis
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods*