Genome-Wide Association Study Meta-Analysis of Long-Term Average Blood Pressure in East Asians

Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2017 Apr;10(2):e001527. doi: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.116.001527.


Background: Genome-wide single marker and gene-based meta-analyses of long-term average (LTA) blood pressure (BP) phenotypes may reveal novel findings for BP.

Methods and results: We conducted genome-wide analysis among 18 422 East Asian participants (stage 1) followed by replication study of ≤46 629 participants of European ancestry (stage 2). Significant single-nucleotide polymorphisms and genes were determined by a P<5.0×10-8 and 2.5×10-6, respectively, in joint analyses of stage-1 and stage-2 data. We identified 1 novel ARL3 variant, rs4919669 at 10q24.32, influencing LTA systolic BP (stage-1 P=5.03×10-8, stage-2 P=8.64×10-3, joint P=2.63×10-8) and mean arterial pressure (stage-1 P=3.59×10-9, stage-2 P=2.35×10-2, joint P=2.64×10-8). Three previously reported BP loci (WBP1L, NT5C2, and ATP2B1) were also identified for all BP phenotypes. Gene-based analysis provided the first robust evidence for association of KCNJ11 with LTA systolic BP (stage-1 P=8.55×10-6, stage-2 P=1.62×10-5, joint P=3.28×10-9) and mean arterial pressure (stage-1 P=9.19×10-7, stage-2 P=9.69×10-5, joint P=2.15×10-9) phenotypes. Fourteen genes (TMEM180, ACTR1A, SUFU, ARL3, SFXN2, WBP1L, CYP17A1, C10orf32, C10orf32-ASMT, AS3MT, CNNM2, and NT5C2 at 10q24.32; ATP2B1 at 12q21.33; and NCR3LG1 at 11p15.1) implicated by previous genome-wide association study meta-analyses were also identified. Among the loci identified by the previous genome-wide association study meta-analysis of LTA BP, we transethnically replicated associations of the KCNK3 marker rs1275988 at 2p23.3 with LTA systolic BP and mean arterial pressure phenotypes (P=1.27×10-4 and 3.30×10-4, respectively).

Conclusions: We identified 1 novel variant and 1 novel gene and present the first direct evidence of relevance of the KCNK3 locus for LTA BP among East Asians.

Keywords: arterial pressure; blood pressure; epidemiology; genome-wide association study.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Asia, Eastern
  • Asian People / genetics*
  • Blood Pressure / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Loci*
  • Genome-Wide Association Study*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Phenotype*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*

Grant support