Anti-Inflammatory Diet in Clinical Practice: A Review

Nutr Clin Pract. 2017 Jun;32(3):318-325. doi: 10.1177/0884533617700353. Epub 2017 Mar 28.


Recently, there has been an increase in the research regarding the impact of acute and chronic inflammation on health and disease. Specific foods are now known to exert strong effects on inflammatory pathways within the body. Carefully selecting foods that are anti-inflammatory in nature while avoiding foods that are proinflammatory is central to an anti-inflammatory diet plan. Ultimately, the plan models a pattern of eating that (1) focuses on eating whole, plant-based foods that are rich in healthy fats and phytonutrients and (2) maintains a stable glycemic response.

Keywords: Mediterranean diet; anti-inflammatory diet; fatty acids; glycemic index; nutrition therapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose
  • Chronic Disease
  • Diet*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Food Preferences
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / diet therapy*
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage
  • Phytochemicals / administration & dosage


  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients
  • Phytochemicals