Pharmacogenomic identification of small molecules for lineage specific manipulation of subventricular zone germinal activity

PLoS Biol. 2017 Mar 28;15(3):e2000698. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.2000698. eCollection 2017 Mar.

Abstract

Strategies for promoting neural regeneration are hindered by the difficulty of manipulating desired neural fates in the brain without complex genetic methods. The subventricular zone (SVZ) is the largest germinal zone of the forebrain and is responsible for the lifelong generation of interneuron subtypes and oligodendrocytes. Here, we have performed a bioinformatics analysis of the transcriptome of dorsal and lateral SVZ in early postnatal mice, including neural stem cells (NSCs) and their immediate progenies, which generate distinct neural lineages. We identified multiple signaling pathways that trigger distinct downstream transcriptional networks to regulate the diversity of neural cells originating from the SVZ. Next, we used a novel in silico genomic analysis, searchable platform-independent expression database/connectivity map (SPIED/CMAP), to generate a catalogue of small molecules that can be used to manipulate SVZ microdomain-specific lineages. Finally, we demonstrate that compounds identified in this analysis promote the generation of specific cell lineages from NSCs in vivo, during postnatal life and adulthood, as well as in regenerative contexts. This study unravels new strategies for using small bioactive molecules to direct germinal activity in the SVZ, which has therapeutic potential in neurodegenerative diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Lineage*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Gene Regulatory Networks
  • Genomics / methods
  • Lateral Ventricles / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Nerve Regeneration
  • Neural Stem Cells / cytology
  • Neural Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Neurogenesis / genetics
  • Oligodendroglia / cytology
  • Oligodendroglia / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Small Molecule Libraries
  • Transcriptome*

Substances

  • Small Molecule Libraries