The Role of Stewardship in Addressing Antibacterial Resistance: Stewardship and Infection Control Committee of the Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group

Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 15;64(suppl_1):S36-S40. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciw830.


Antibacterial resistance is increasing globally and has been recognized as a major public health threat. Antibacterial stewardship is the coordinated effort to improve the appropriate use of antibiotics with the aim to decrease selective pressure for multidrug-resistant organisms in order to preserve the utility of antibacterial agents. This article describes the activities of the Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group (ARLG) in the area of antibacterial stewardship. To date, the ARLG has focused intensely on development of rapid diagnostic tests, which (when coupled with educational and institutional initiatives) will enable the robust stewardship that is needed to address the current crisis of antibacterial resistance. In addition to exploring the effectiveness of stewardship techniques in community hospitals, the ARLG has also developed strategy trials to assess the feasibility of reducing antibacterial usage while preserving patient outcome.

Keywords: antibacterial resistance; infection control.; stewardship.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / pharmacology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Bacterial Infections / diagnosis
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy
  • Bacterial Infections / microbiology
  • Bacteriological Techniques
  • Clinical Studies as Topic
  • Community-Acquired Infections / drug therapy
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial*
  • Humans
  • Infection Control / organization & administration*
  • Leadership
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / drug therapy
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / microbiology
  • Research Personnel / education


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents