Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of healthcare-associated infections. The ability of S. aureus to attach and subsequently accumulate on the surfaces of implanted medical devices and in host tissues makes infections caused by this pathogen difficult to treat. Current treatments have been shown to have limited effect on surface-associated S. aureus, and may be enhanced by the addition of a dispersal agent. This study assessed the enzymatic agents dispersin B, lysostaphin, alpha amylase, V8 protease and serrapeptase, alone and in combination with vancomycin and rifampicin, against biofilms formed by meticillin-resistant and -susceptible strains of S. aureus. The efficacy of both antibiotics was enhanced when combined with any of the dispersal agents. Lysostaphin and serrapeptase were the most effective dispersal agents against all strains tested. These data indicate that combinations of biofilm dispersal agents and antibiotics may extend the therapeutic options for the treatment of S. aureus biofilm-associated infections.
Keywords: Biofilm; Catheter; Enzyme; S. aureus.
Copyright © 2017 The Healthcare Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.