On addition of DMSO, the MEL cell line TSA8 becomes committed into erythroid progenitor cells (CFU-E) which can form differentiated colonies in the presence of erythropoietin. To understand the mechanism of cellular commitment, the number and the affinity of the receptors for erythropoietin were estimated. The affinity of the receptors did not change before or after induction. The number of receptors changed depending on the growth phase, but was not dependent on the addition of the inducer. Thus, the presence of the receptors for erythropoietin may be required, but are not essential for responsiveness to erythropoietin. Further examination of the optimum conditions for commitment suggests that the concomitant actions of induced factor(s) with the receptors may control commitment of TSA8 cells to CFU-E.