Introduction: The safety and efficacy of certolizumab pegol (CZP) 400 mg every 4 weeks (Q4W) monotherapy (FAST4WARD/NCT00548834) and in combination with methotrexate (MTX) (014/NCT00544154) in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been published previously. This report outlines final long-term outcomes from the open-label extension (OLE) study (015/NCT00160693), which enrolled patients from these randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
Methods: Patients who withdrew from or completed the 24-week 014/FAST4WARD RCTs were enrolled and received CZP 400 mg Q4W with/without MTX. Exposure-adjusted event rates (ER) per 100 patient-years (PYs) of adverse events (AEs) and serious AEs (SAEs) were reported for all patients receiving ≥1 dose of CZP in RCTs or OLE (N = 427) between first CZP dose and up to 24 weeks after last CZP dose or study withdrawal. Efficacy assessments included clinical (ACR20/50/70 response rates, TJC, SJC) and patient-reported outcomes (HAQ-DI, PtGADA, pain, fatigue) to week 304 (5.8 years) in the CZP intent-to-treat population. SDAI and CDAI outcomes were analyzed post hoc. Outcomes for CZP monotherapy and CZP+MTX combination-therapy were compared.
Results: Globally, ERs of AEs and SAEs were 408.1 and 25.2 per 100 PY, respectively. Eleven patients had AEs leading to death (ER 0.6). Improvements in clinical and patient-reported outcomes during the 24-week RCTs were maintained to week 304, and were similar between all subpopulations.
Conclusions: The longest exposure duration to date with CZP 400 mg Q4W treatment confirmed the safety profile observed in previous studies. Initial improvements in signs and symptoms of RA, including PROs, were maintained in both CZP monotherapy and CZP + MTX combination-therapy patients.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT00160693.
Funding: UCB Pharma.
Keywords: Certolizumab pegol; Monotherapy; Open-label extension; Rheumatoid arthritis.