The aim of this study is to determine whether regional homogeneity (ReHo) of resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) data based on Kendall's coefficient of concordance (KCC-ReHo) and coherence (Cohe-ReHo) metrics may allow detection of brain tumor-induced neurovascular uncoupling (NVU) in the sensorimotor network similar to findings in standard motor task-based BOLD fMRI (tbfMRI) activation. Twelve de novo brain tumor patients undergoing clinical fMRI exams (tbfMRI and rsfMRI) were included in this Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved study. Each patient displayed decreased/absent tbfMRI activation in the primary ipsilesional sensorimotor cortex in the absence of corresponding motor deficit or suboptimal task performance, consistent with NVU. Z-score maps for motor tasks were obtained from the general linear model (GLM) analysis (reflecting motor activation vs. rest). KCC-ReHo and Cohe-ReHo maps were calculated from rsfMRI data. Precentral and postcentral gyri in contralesional (CL) and ipsilesional (IL) hemispheres were parcellated using an automated anatomical labeling (AAL) template for each patient. Similar region of interest (ROI) analysis was performed on tbfMRI, KCC-ReHo, and Cohe-ReHo maps to allow direct comparison of results. Voxel values in CL and IL ROIs of each map were divided by the corresponding global mean of KCC-ReHo and Cohe-ReHo in bihemispheric cortical brain tissue. Group analysis revealed significantly decreased IL mean KCC-ReHo (p = 0.02) and Cohe-ReHo (p = 0.04) metrics compared with respective values in the CL ROIs, consistent with similar findings of significantly decreased ipsilesional BOLD signal for tbfMRI (p = 0.0005). Ipsilesional abnormalities in ReHo derived from rsfMRI may serve as potential indicators of NVU in patients with brain tumors and other resectable brain lesions; as such, ReHo findings may complement findings on tbfMRI used for presurgical planning.
Keywords: Kendall's coefficient of concordance regional homogeneity; coherence regional homogeneity; motor activation; neurovascular uncoupling; presurgical mapping; regional homogeneity; resting state fMRI.