The nucleotide sequence of part of the tra region of R100 including traJ and traY was determined, and the products of several tra genes were identified. The nucleotide sequence of traJ, encoding a protein of 223 amino acids, showed poor homology with the corresponding segments of other plasmids related to R100, but the deduced amino acid sequences showed low but significant homology. The first four amino acids at the N-terminal region of the TraJ protein were not essential for positive regulation of expression of traY, the first gene of the traYZ operon. The nucleotide sequence of traY shows that this gene may use TTG as the initiation codon and that it encodes a protein of 75 amino acids. Analysis of the traY gene product, which was obtained as the fusion protein with beta-galactosidase, showed that the N-terminal region of the product has an amino acid sequence identical to that deduced from the assigned frame but lacks formylmethionine. traY of plasmid F, which encodes a larger protein than the TraY protein of R100, is thought to use ATG as an initiation codon. However, a TTG initiation codon was found in the preceding region of the previously assigned traY coding frame of F. Interestingly, when translation of traY of F was initiated from TTG, the amino acid sequence homologous to the TraY protein of R100 appeared in tandem in the TraY protein of F. This may suggest that traY of F has undergone duplication of a gene like the traY gene of R100.