Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) is a well-known therapeutic target for treating hyperlipidemia. K-877 is a novel selective PPARα modulator (SPPARMα) that enhances PPARα transcriptional activity with high selectivity and potency, resulting in reduced plasma lipid levels. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of K-877 on hyperlipidemia in low-density lipoprotein receptor knockout (Ldlr-/-) mice, a mouse model of atherosclerosis. We revealed that K-877 administration significantly decreased plasma triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels and increased plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels in Ldlr-/- mice. K-877 administration to Ldlr-/- mice efficiently increased the gene expression of PPARα and its target genes related to fatty acid oxidation in the liver and small intestine. The same treatment significantly increased ATP-binding cassette a1 gene expression in the liver and small intestine and reduced Niemann Pick C1-like 1 gene expression in the small intestine, suggesting that K-877 administration induced HDL-C production in the liver and small intestine and reduced cholesterol absorption in the small intestine. In conclusion, K-877 administration had pronounced effects on the liver and small intestine in Ldlr-/- mice. K-877 is an attractive PPARα-modulating drug for treating hyperlipidemia that works equally well in both the liver and small intestine.
Keywords: Cholesterol absorption; HDL cholesterol; PPARα; SPPARMα.
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