One-year Angiographic Results After pCONus Stent-Assisted Coiling of 40 Wide-Neck Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms

Neurosurgery. 2017 Jun 1;80(6):925-933. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyw131.


Background: Bifurcation middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms with wide neck are amenable to endovascular coiling with pCONus stent, a recent device dedicated to wide-neck bifurcation intracranial aneurysms.

Objective: To evaluate the 1-year angiographic follow-up of wide-neck MCA aneurysms treated with pCONus.

Methods: Forty MCA aneurysms (mean dome size, 7.7 mm; mean neck size, 5.6 mm) coiled with pCONus were retrospectively evaluated. "Recanalization" was defined as worsening, and "progressive thrombosis" was defined as improvement on the Raymond scale.

Results: Angiographic midterm (mean, 11.9 months; range, 3-20) follow-up was obtained in all aneurysms. Retreatment was performed in 9 aneurysms (22.5%) without clinical complications, and postoperative angiographic outcome included 2 complete occlusions and 7 neck remnants. Six aneurysms were followed after retreatment (mean, 8.8 months), and presented complete occlusion in 1 case, neck remnant in 4 cases, and aneurysm remnant in 1 case. Among the 31 aneurysms, follow-up showed complete occlusion in 67.7% (21/31), neck remnants in 29% (9/31), and aneurysm remnants in 3.3% (1/31). Adequate aneurysm occlusion (total occlusion and neck remnant) was obtained in 96.7% (30/31). Among these 31 aneurysms, improvement of the rate of occlusion was observed in 15 aneurysms (48.4%), and recurrence in 2 aneurysms (6.5%). There was no 1-year angiographic recurrence of 3- or 6-month totally occluded aneurysms.

Conclusion: pCONus stent allows a safe coiling of wide-neck MCA aneurysms usually considered as surgical with a low recanalization rate for those adequately occluded at 3 to 6 months. Angiographic results improve over time due to progressive aneurysm thrombosis in around 50% of cases.

Keywords: Clipping; Coiling; Intracranial aneurysm; Middle cerebral artery; Outcome; Stent-assisted coiling; Stenting.

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Endovascular Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / diagnostic imaging*
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / surgery*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Period
  • Recurrence
  • Retreatment
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stents*
  • Treatment Outcome