This study was aimed at elucidating the fate of three important nuclear envelope components - lamins B and A/C and nucleoporin Nup160, during meiotic maturation of mouse oocytes. These proteins were localized by epifluorescence and confocal microscopy using specific antibodies in oocytes at different stages from prophase I (germinal vesicle) to metaphase II. In immature germinal vesicle oocytes, all three proteins were detected at the nuclear periphery. In metaphase I and metaphase II, lamin B co-localized with the meiotic spindle, lamin A/C was found in a diffuse halo surrounding the spindle and to a lesser degree throughout the cytoplasm, and Nup160 was concentrated to the spindle poles. To our knowledge, this is the first report on nucleoporin localization in mammalian oocytes and the first successful detection of lamins in mature oocytes. While the distribution patterns of both lamins closely paralleled the respective stages of mitosis, Nup160 localization in metaphase oocytes corresponded to that in mitotic prometaphase rather than metaphase. The peculiar distribution of this nucleoporin in oocytes may reflect its role in meiosis-specific mechanisms of spindle assembly and its regulation.