Signal transduction, chemotaxis, and cell aggregation in Dictyostelium discoideum cells without myosin heavy chain

Dev Biol. 1988 Jul;128(1):158-63. doi: 10.1016/0012-1606(88)90278-3.


Dictyostelium discoideum cells have been generated that lack myosin heavy chain (MHC) due to antisense RNA inactivation of the endogenous mRNA or to insertional mutagenesis of the myosin gene. These cells retain chemotactic movement in gradients of the chemoattractant cAMP. Furthermore, cAMP does induce many biochemical and physiological responses in aggregative cells, including binding of cAMP to surface receptors, modification, and down-regulation of the receptor; activation of adenylate and guanylate cyclase, secretion of cAMP; and the association of actin to the Triton-insoluble cytoskeleton. Cells lacking MHC were found to have a requirement for bivalent cations in the medium for optimal chemotaxis and cell aggregation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Calcium / pharmacology
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Chemotaxis*
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Cyclic GMP / metabolism
  • Cytoskeleton / drug effects
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Dictyostelium / cytology
  • Dictyostelium / physiology*
  • Magnesium / pharmacology
  • Mutation
  • Myosins / genetics
  • Myosins / physiology*
  • Receptors, Cyclic AMP / drug effects
  • Receptors, Cyclic AMP / metabolism


  • Actins
  • Cations, Divalent
  • Receptors, Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Myosins
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Magnesium
  • Calcium