Hydrogen Peroxide: A Potential Wound Therapeutic Target?

Med Princ Pract. 2017;26(4):301-308. doi: 10.1159/000475501. Epub 2017 Apr 5.


Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a topical antiseptic used in wound cleaning which kills pathogens through oxidation burst and local oxygen production. H2O2 has been reported to be a reactive biochemical molecule synthesized by various cells that influences biological behavior through multiple mechanisms: alterations of membrane potential, generation of new molecules, and changing intracellular redox balance, which results in activation or inactivation of different signaling transduction pathways. Contrary to the traditional viewpoint that H2O2 probably impairs tissue through its high oxidative property, a proper level of H2O2 is considered an important requirement for normal wound healing. Although the present clinical use of H2O2 is still limited to the elimination of microbial contamination and sometimes hemostasis, better understanding towards the sterilization ability and cell behavior regulatory function of H2O2 within wounds will enhance the potential to exogenously augment and manipulate healing.

Keywords: Hydrogen peroxide; Therapeutic target; Wound healing.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / pharmacology*
  • Hemostasis / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology*
  • Rats
  • Wound Healing / drug effects*
  • Wound Healing / physiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / drug therapy*
  • Wounds and Injuries / immunology
  • Wounds and Injuries / physiopathology


  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Hydrogen Peroxide