Is the acid/base catalytic residue mutation in β-d-mannosidase DtMan from Dictyoglomus thermophilum sufficient enough to provide thioglycoligase activity?

Biochimie. 2017 Jun;137:190-196. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2017.03.020. Epub 2017 Apr 4.


Glycoside hydrolases can be turned into thioglycoligase by mutation of the acid/base catalytic carboxylate residue. These mutants have proven valuable to generate S-glycosides, however, few examples in literature have described efficient thioglycoligase activity, and even fewer the underlying molecular mechanism. DtMan, a GH2 family β-d-mannosidase from the thermophilic Dictyoglomus thermophilum was cloned and expressed in E. coli. The recombinant protein is highly specific for β-d-mannosides, and exhibits efficient catalysis constants coupled to thermostability. However, seven variants bearing mutated acid/base residue could not be turned into efficient thioligases. Crystal structure of DtMan Glu425Cys mutant and molecular modeling calculations have demonstrated that unlike other GH2 thioligase reported, active site accessibility of thiol acceptor may be impaired by entrance loop rigidity. This structural feature may explain why DtMan mutants do not exhibit thioglycoligase activity.

Keywords: Biocatalysis; Glycoside hydrolase; Thioglycoside; Thioligase.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria / enzymology*
  • Catalysis
  • Catalytic Domain
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Glycoside Hydrolases / metabolism
  • Glycosylation
  • Ligases / metabolism*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Substrate Specificity
  • Thioglycosides / metabolism
  • beta-Mannosidase / chemistry*
  • beta-Mannosidase / genetics
  • beta-Mannosidase / metabolism*


  • Thioglycosides
  • Glycoside Hydrolases
  • beta-Mannosidase
  • Ligases