Vascular endothelial protein tyrosine phosphatase (VE-PTP) stabilizes endothelial adherens junctions (AJs) through constitutive dephosphorylation of VE-cadherin. Here we investigated the role of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) activation of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) in regulating AJ assembly. We observed that SOCE induced by STIM1 activated Pyk2 in human lung microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) and induced tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-PTP at Y1981. Pyk2-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-PTP promoted Src binding to VE-PTP, Src activation, and subsequent VE-cadherin phosphorylation and thereby increased the endothelial permeability response. The increase in permeability was secondary to disassembly of AJs. Pyk2-mediated responses were blocked in EC-restricted Stim1 knockout mice, indicating the requirement for STIM1 in initiating the signaling cascade. A peptide derived from the Pyk2 phosphorylation site on VE-PTP abolished the STIM1/SOCE-activated permeability response. Thus Pyk2 activation secondary to STIM1-induced SOCE causes tyrosine phosphorylation of VE-PTP, and VE-PTP, in turn, binds to and activates Src, thereby phosphorylating VE-cadherin to increase endothelial permeability through disassembly of AJs. Our results thus identify a novel signaling mechanism by which STIM1-induced Ca2+ signaling activates Pyk2 to inhibit the interaction of VE-PTP and VE-cadherin and hence increase endothelial permeability. Therefore, targeting the Pyk2 activation pathway may be a potentially important anti-inflammatory strategy.
Keywords: Pyk2; VE-cadherin; permeability increase; store-operated Ca2+ entry; stromal interaction molecule 1; thrombin; vascular endothelial protein tyrosine phosphatase.
Copyright © 2017 the American Physiological Society.