Paget disease of bone (PDB) is a common metabolic bone disease characterized by increased bone resorption and disorganized bone formation which affect single or multiple sites of bones. Although the exact cause of PDB is still controversial, genetic factors are considered to play an important role in PDB. Several genes involved in the differentiation or function of osteoclast were shown to be associated with PDB or related syndrome such as SQSTM1, TNFRSF11A, TNFRSF11B, and ZNF687. Multisystem proteinopathy (MSP), a newly proposed syndrome including inclusion body myopathy (IBM), PDB, frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), is mainly caused by mutation in VCP gene. In 2013, a new casual gene for MSP was identified as hnRNPA2B1 gene. This may partly account for the inherited PDB traits which is however negative for mutation in already known causative PDB genes. We investigated a Chinese family with multiple affected individuals with PDB, but none of the members showed symptoms of IBM, FTD, or ALS. Three patients were evaluated clinically, biochemically, and radiographically. To screen for the responsible mutation, whole-exome sequencing was conducted in the proband, another patient, as well as a normal individual from the family. This revealed a novel heterozygous missense mutation of hnRNPA2B1 gene (c.929C>T, p. P310L) in the two patients which was then verified in all affected individuals. We describe here a novel missense mutation in hnRNPA2B1 gene in a large pedigree affected with PDB with members who do not present other manifestations of multisystem proteinopathy, such as IBM, FTD, and ALS.
Keywords: HnRNPA2B1; MSP; Multisystem proteinopathy; PDB; Paget disease.