Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with lower urinary tract symptoms and sexual function

Actas Urol Esp. 2017 Oct;41(8):522-528. doi: 10.1016/j.acuro.2016.12.009. Epub 2017 Apr 5.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Objectives: To estimate the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a daily urology practice and to determine its association with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED).

Material and methods: A retrospective study was conducted. Data from all male patients aged ≥40 years who attended our outpatient urology clinic from 2010 to 2011 was collected. Prevalence of MetS was determined, and LUTS and ED were assessed. A logistic model was used to determine possible associations, controlling for confounders and interaction factors.

Results: A total of 616 patients were included. MetS was observed in 43.8% (95% CI 39.6-48.3). The bivariate model showed an association between MetS and LUTS (p<0.01), but not between MetS and ED. The logistic model showed an association between MetS and the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), while controlling for other variables. Patients exhibiting moderate LUTS had a greater risk for MetS than patients with mild LUTS (OR 1.83, 95% CI 1.14-2.94). After analyzing for individual components of MetS, positive associations were found between diabetes and severe LUTS (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.24-7.1), and between diabetes and ED (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.12-5.8).

Conclusion: This study was able to confirm an association between MetS and LUTS, but not for ED. Specific components such as diabetes were associated to both. Geographical differences previously reported in the literature might account for these findings. Given that MetS is frequent among urological patients, it is advisable that urologists actively screen for it.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus tipo 2; Diabetes mellitus type 2; Disfunción eréctil; Erectile dysfunction; Lower urinary tract symptoms; Metabolic syndrome; Obesidad; Obesity; Síndrome metabólico; Síntomas del tracto urinario inferior.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Causality
  • Colombia / epidemiology
  • Comorbidity
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Erectile Dysfunction / epidemiology*
  • Erectile Dysfunction / etiology
  • Humans
  • Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms / epidemiology*
  • Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms / etiology
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital / statistics & numerical data
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Smoking / epidemiology
  • Urology