Background & aims: MEDI2070 is a human monoclonal antibody that selectively inhibits interleukin 23 (IL23), a cytokine implicated in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD). We analyzed its safety and efficacy in treatment of CD in a phase 2a study.
Methods: We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 119 adults with moderate to severe CD failed by treatment with tumor necrosis factor antagonists. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to groups given MEDI2070 (700 mg) or placebo intravenously at weeks 0 and 4. Patients received open-label MEDI2070 (210 mg) subcutaneously every 4 weeks from weeks 12 to 112. The CD Activity Index was used to measure disease activity.
Results: The primary outcome, clinical response (either a 100-point decrease in CD Activity Index score from baseline or clinical remission, defined as CD Activity Index score <150) at week 8 occurred in 49.2% of patients receiving MEDI2070 (n = 59) compared with 26.7% receiving placebo (n = 60; absolute difference, 22.5%; 95% confidence interval, 5.6%-39.5%; P = .010). Clinical response at week 24 occurred in 53.8% of patients who continued to receive open-label MEDI2070 and in 57.7% of patients who had received placebo during the double-blind period and open-label MEDI2070 thereafter. The most common adverse events were headache and nasopharyngitis. Higher baseline serum concentrations of IL22, a cytokine whose expression is induced by IL23, were associated with greater likelihood of response to MEDI2070 compared with placebo.
Conclusions: In a phase 2a trial of patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease who had failed treatment with tumor necrosis factor antagonists, 8 and 24 weeks of treatment with MEDI2070 were associated with clinical improvement. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01714726.
Keywords: Clinical Trial; IL22; IL23; Phase II.
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