Evaluation of different treatment protocols for dentin hypersensitivity: an 18-month randomized clinical trial

Lasers Med Sci. 2017 Jul;32(5):1023-1030. doi: 10.1007/s10103-017-2203-0. Epub 2017 Apr 8.

Abstract

This randomized and longitudinal in vivo study aimed to assess different protocols for the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity with low-power laser (with different doses), high-power laser, and a desensitizing agent, for a period of 12 and 18 months. The lesions from 32 patients (117 lesions), who were submitted to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, were divided into nine groups (n = 13): G1: Gluma Desensitizer (Heraeus Kulzer), G2: low-power laser with low dose (three points of irradiation in vestibular portion and an apical point 30 mW, 10 J/cm2, 9 s per point with the wavelength of 810 nm, with three sessions with an interval of 72 h), G3: low-power laser with high dose (one point in the cervical area, and one apical point 100 mW, 40 J/cm2, 11 s per point with the wavelength of 810 nm in three sessions with an interval of 72 h), G4: low-power laser with low dose + Gluma Desensitizer, G5: low-power laser with high dose + Gluma Desensitizer, G6: Nd:YAG laser (Power Laser™ ST6, Research® in contact 1.0 W, 10 Hz and 100 mJ, ≈85 J/cm2, with the wavelength of 1064 nm), G7: Nd:YAG laser + Gluma Desensitizer, G8: low-power laser with low dose + Nd:YAG laser, and G9: low-power laser with high dose + Nd:YAG laser. The level of sensitivity of each volunteer was assessed by visual analog scale of pain (VAS) with the aid of air from the triple syringe and exploration probe, 12 and 18 months after treatment. All analyses were performed separately for air and probe stimulus. The level of significance was considered for values of p < 0.05. After statistical analysis, all treatments were shown to be effective in reducing dentinal hypersensitivity, and the results were considered not statistically different from those at 12 months. Therefore, until the 18-month evaluation, it could be said that no statistical differences were observed in the sensitivity levels for all treatments.

Keywords: Dentin hypersensitivity; Desensitizing; Laser; Non-carious cervical lesion.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Air
  • Dentin / radiation effects
  • Dentin Sensitivity / radiotherapy
  • Dentin Sensitivity / therapy*
  • Glutaral / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Solid-State
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Low-Level Light Therapy*
  • Methacrylates / therapeutic use
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain Measurement
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Methacrylates
  • gluma desensitizer
  • Glutaral