Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. 2017 Apr 10;14(4):398.
doi: 10.3390/ijerph14040398.

Attractive Toxic Sugar Bait (ATSB) For Control of Mosquitoes and Its Impact on Non-Target Organisms: A Review

Free PMC article

Attractive Toxic Sugar Bait (ATSB) For Control of Mosquitoes and Its Impact on Non-Target Organisms: A Review

Jodi M Fiorenzano et al. Int J Environ Res Public Health. .
Free PMC article


Mosquito abatement programs contend with mosquito-borne diseases, insecticidal resistance, and environmental impacts to non-target organisms. However, chemical resources are limited to a few chemical classes with similar modes of action, which has led to insecticide resistance in mosquito populations. To develop a new tool for mosquito abatement programs that control mosquitoes while combating the issues of insecticidal resistance, and has low impacts of non-target organisms, novel methods of mosquito control, such as attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSBs), are being developed. Whereas insect baiting to dissuade a behavior, or induce mortality, is not a novel concept, as it was first introduced in writings from 77 AD, mosquito baiting through toxic sugar baits (TSBs) had been quickly developing over the last 60 years. This review addresses the current body of research of ATSB by providing an overview of active ingredients (toxins) include in TSBs, attractants combined in ATSB, lethal effects on mosquito adults and larvae, impact on non-target insects, and prospects for the use of ATSB.

Keywords: attractive toxic sugar baits; mosquito control; sugar feeding.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 10 articles

See all "Cited by" articles


    1. World Health Organization . A Global Brief on Vector-Borne Diseases. World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland: 2014.
    1. American Mosquito Control Association . Best Management Practices for Integrated Mosquito Management. American Mosquito Control Association; Mount Laurel, NJ, USA: 2009.
    1. World Health Organization . Handbook for Integrated Vector Management. World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland: 2012.
    1. World Health Organization . Global Plan for Insecticide Resistance Management in Malaria Vectors. World Health Organization; Geneva, Switzerland: 2012.
    1. Dethier V.G. Chemical Insect Attractants and Repellents. Maple Press Company; York, PA, USA: 1947.