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, 85 (14), 5215-9

Induction of Phagocyte Cytochrome B Heavy Chain Gene Expression by Interferon Gamma


Induction of Phagocyte Cytochrome B Heavy Chain Gene Expression by Interferon Gamma

P E Newburger et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.


Phagocytic cells, such as macrophages and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, produce a "respiratory burst" in which oxygen is reduced to superoxide and other active oxygen species responsible for many of the microbicidal, tumoricidal, and inflammatory activities of these cells. Interferon gamma has been shown to augment phagocyte superoxide production, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this effect have remained unknown. Recently a key component of the oxidase, phagocyte cytochrome b, has been characterized as a heterodimer of a 91-kDa glycoprotein and a 22-kDa polypeptide. The present studies examined the effects of human recombinant interferon gamma on the expression of the genes for these components of the cytochrome b. In vitro treatment with interferon gamma substantially increases the level of phagocyte cytochrome b heavy chain gene transcripts in normal polymorphonuclear leukocytes, normal monocyte-derived macrophages, and the monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1. Light chain gene transcripts are less affected. In monocyte-derived macrophages and THP-1 cells, the enhanced expression of the heavy chain gene appears in large part attributable to increased rates of transcription. Treatment of monocyte-derived macrophages with human recombinant interferon alpha (a down-regulator of the respiratory burst) decreased the heavy chain transcript levels; interferon beta produced no detectable change. These findings demonstrate the responsiveness of one essential component of the phagocyte oxidase system to activation by interferon gamma and provide a rationale for its use to augment phagocytic function in chronic granulomatous disease.

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