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. 2017;93(6):415-423.
doi: 10.1159/000468546. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Antacid Therapy and Disease Progression in Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Who Received Pirfenidone

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Antacid Therapy and Disease Progression in Patients With Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Who Received Pirfenidone

Michael Kreuter et al. Respiration. .
Free PMC article


Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a potential risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progression; however, the impact of antacid therapy (AAT) is under debate.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of AAT on IPF progression in pirfenidone-treated patients.

Methods: This post hoc analysis included patients with IPF who received pirfenidone in 3 trials (CAPACITY [PIPF-004/PIPF-006] and ASCEND [PIPF-016]). Pulmonary function, exercise tolerance, survival, hospitalizations, and adverse events (AEs) over 52 weeks were analyzed by baseline AAT use. Disease progression was defined as a decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC) of ≥10%, a decrease in 6-min walking distance of ≥50 m, or death over 1 year.

Results: Of 623 patients, 44% received AAT. No significant differences were found at 52 weeks (AAT versus non-AAT, respectively) in disease progression (24.9 vs. 30.6%; p = 0.12), all-cause mortality rate (2.9 vs. 4.0%; p = 0.47), IPF-related mortality rate (1.1 vs. 2.0%; p = 0.37), all-cause hospitalization rate (16.1 vs. 18.3%; p = 0.48), or mean change in percent FVC (-2.7 vs. -3.1%; p = 0.44). A relative, but not absolute, FVC decline of ≥10% favored AAT (15 vs. 22%; p = 0.03). Severe gastrointestinal AEs (3.7 vs. 0.9%; p = 0.015) and severe pulmonary infections (3.7 vs. 1.1%; p = 0.035) were more frequent with AAT.

Conclusions: AAT and pirfenidone had outcomes comparable to those of pirfenidone alone in patients with IPF, underscoring the need for prospective trials to elucidate the role of AAT with or without antifibrotic drugs as a treatment for IPF.

Keywords: Antacid therapy; Gastroesophageal reflux disease; Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; Pirfenidone; Progression-free survival.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Adjusted 1-year risk of progression-free survival (a) and study outcomes (b). Progression-free survival was defined as the time to the first occurrence of a confirmed decrease of ≥10% in predicted forced vital capacity (FVC), a confirmed decrease of ≥50 m in the 6-min walking distance (6MWD) test, or death. The primary outcomes were an FVC decrease of ≥10%, a 6MWD decrease of ≥50 m, or death. Adjusted analyses included age, sex, smoking status, lung function, and comorbidity profile. AAT, antacid therapy; HR, hazard ratio; IPF, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

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