Adenoma detection with blue-water infusion colonoscopy: a randomized trial

Endoscopy. 2017 Aug;49(8):765-775. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-105073. Epub 2017 Apr 11.


Background and aims Colonoscopy is currently the reference method to detect colorectal neoplasia, yet some adenomas remain undetected. The water infusion technique and dying with indigo carmine has shown interesting results for reducing this miss rate. The aim of this study was to compare the adenoma detection rate (adenoma and adenocarcinoma; ADR) and the mean number of adenomas per patient (MAP) for blue-water infusion colonoscopy (BWIC) versus standard colonoscopy. Methods We performed a multicenter, randomized controlled trial in eight units, including patients with a validated indication for colonoscopy (symptoms, familial or personal history, fecal occult blood test positive). Consenting patients were randomized 1:1 to BWIC or standard colonoscopy. All colonoscopies were performed by experienced colonoscopists. All colonoscopy quality indicators were prospectively recorded. Results Among the 1065 patients included, colonoscopies were performed completely for 983 patients (514 men; mean age 59.1). The ADR was not significantly different between the groups; 40.4 % in the BWIC group versus 37.5 % in the standard colonoscopy group (odds ratio [OR] 1.13; 95 % confidence interval [CI] 0.87 - 1.48; P = 0.35). MAP was significantly greater in the BWIC group (0.79) than in the standard colonoscopy group (0.64; P = 0.005). For advanced adenomas, the results were 50 (10.2 %) and 36 (7.3 %), respectively (P = 0.10). The cecal intubation rate was not different but the time to cecal intubation was significantly longer in BWIC group (9.9 versus 6.2 minutes; P < 0.001). Conclusion Despite the higher MAP with BWIC, the routine use of BWIC does not translate to a higher ADR. Whether increased detection ultimately results in a lower rate of interval carcinoma is not yet known.

Clinical trials registration: EudraCT 2012-A00548 - 35; NCT01937429.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Adenoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aged
  • Cecum
  • Colonoscopy / methods*
  • Color
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intubation, Gastrointestinal
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Operative Time
  • Water


  • Water

Associated data