Efficacy of rhythmic exercise and walking exercise in older adults' exercise participation rates and physical function outcomes

Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2017 Dec;17(12):2311-2318. doi: 10.1111/ggi.13046. Epub 2017 Apr 12.


Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of two different exercise types, rhythmic exercise designed from local music and dance (RE) and walking exercise (WE), in terms of exercise participation and physical function changes in older adults over a period of 12 weeks.

Methods: Exercise participation was assessed through the attendance rate and retention rate, and physical function was evaluated through the Short Physical Performance Battery, static balance test and gait test.

Results: The RE group showed significantly higher attendance and retention rates; greater improvement in Short Physical Performance Battery scores; and greater improvement in static balance, as compared with the WE. No differences were found between the RE and WE groups in gait parameters.

Conclusions: The results suggest that RE was more effective than WE in retaining exercise participation and improving physical function in older adults. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2017; 17: 2311-2318.

Keywords: attendance; physical functions; retention; rhythmic exercise; walking exercise.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Comparative Effectiveness Research
  • Dance Therapy*
  • Dancing
  • Exercise
  • Exercise Therapy*
  • Female
  • Gait*
  • Humans
  • Korea
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance
  • Postural Balance*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Walking*