Cell cycle protein Bora has been identified to integrate the functions of three major mitotic kinases: Cyclin-dependent kinase-1, Polo-like kinase-1, and Aurora A kinase. Overexpression of Bora disrupts spindle assembly and causes genomic instability. However, the clinical relevance of Bora in cancer remains unclear. In this study, we examined the expression of Bora and its association with clinical characteristics in breast (n = 538), lung (n = 144) and gastric (n = 77) adenocarcinomas. We found that Bora was overexpressed in primary breast cancer tissues compared to paired non-cancerous tissues. Bora overexpression was observed at a higher proportion in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC, 77.63%) compared with non-TNBC subtypes (42.76%, P < 0.0001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis indicated that Bora overexpression was associated with unfavourable overall survival (OS, P < 0.0001) and disease-free survival (DFS, P = 0.007) in breast cancer. In addition, Bora subclassified patients with distinct clinical outcomes in both stages (II/III) and subtypes (HR+, HER2+) of breast cancer. Consistently, Bora was associated with adverse prognosis in lung (P = 0.005 for OS and DFS P = 0.001 for DFS) and gastric adenocarcinomas (P < 0.0001 for OS, and P < 0.0001 for DFS). Moreover, Bora was positively correlated with proliferation index Ki67 in breast and gastric cancer (P < 0.001, P = 0.005, respectively). Multivariate analyses further revealed that Bora was an independent prognostic parameter for OS and DFS in all three types of adenocarcinomas. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that Bora was overexpressed and served as an independent biomarker for poor prognosis in multiple adenocarcinomas.
Keywords: Bora; biomarker; cancer; prognosis.