Integrating Personalized Technology in Toxicology: Sensors, Smart Glass, and Social Media Applications in Toxicology Research

J Med Toxicol. 2017 Jun;13(2):166-172. doi: 10.1007/s13181-017-0611-y. Epub 2017 Apr 12.


Rapid proliferation of mobile technologies in social and healthcare spaces create an opportunity for advancement in research and clinical practice. The application of mobile, personalized technology in healthcare, referred to as mHealth, has not yet become routine in toxicology. However, key features of our practice environment, such as frequent need for remote evaluation, unreliable historical data from patients, and sensitive subject matter, make mHealth tools appealing solutions in comparison to traditional methods that collect retrospective or indirect data. This manuscript describes the features, uses, and costs associated with several of common sectors of mHealth research including wearable biosensors, ingestible biosensors, head-mounted devices, and social media applications. The benefits and novel challenges associated with the study and use of these applications are then discussed. Finally, opportunities for further research and integration are explored with a particular focus on toxicology-based applications.

Keywords: Biosensors; Drugs of abuse; Smart glass; Social media; mHealth.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques / instrumentation
  • Diffusion of Innovation
  • Equipment Design
  • Forecasting
  • Glass*
  • Humans
  • Mobile Applications
  • Research Design*
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Smartphone* / trends
  • Social Media* / trends
  • Systems Integration*
  • Telemedicine / instrumentation*
  • Telemedicine / methods
  • Telemedicine / trends
  • Telemetry / instrumentation
  • Toxicology / instrumentation*
  • Toxicology / methods
  • Toxicology / trends
  • Transducers* / trends