Polaprezinc combined with clarithromycin-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis: A prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial

PLoS One. 2017 Apr 13;12(4):e0175625. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0175625. eCollection 2017.


The efficacy and safety of polaprezinc combined with triple therapy was compared with triple therapy alone in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori. A randomized, parallel-group, open-label, controlled, prospective multicenter study was conducted in 11 cities in China. Treatment-naive patients with H. pylori-associated gastritis were randomly assigned to one of three arms for a 14-day treatment: Arm A triple therapy (omeprazole 20 mg, amoxicillin 1 g, and clarithromycin 500 mg, each twice daily) plus polaprezinc 75 mg twice daily; Arm B triple therapy plus polaprezinc 150 mg twice daily, or Arm C triple therapy alone. The rate of H. pylori eradication was the primary endpoint. Secondary endpoints were symptom improvement and lower incidence of adverse events. 303 patients completed the study- 106, 96, and 101 patients in Arms A, B, and C, respectively. Intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis showed that the rate of H. pylori eradication was significantly higher for Arms A (77.0%) and B (75.9%) compared to Arm C (58.6%) (P < 0.01), whereas there was no difference between Arms A and B (P = 0.90). Per-protocol (PP) analysis showed that the rate of H. pylori eradication was significantly higher for Arms A (81.1%) and B (83.3%) compared to Arm C (61.4%) (P < 0.01), whereas there was no significant difference between Arms A and B (P = 0.62). All three groups reported significant symptom improvement at 7, 14, and 28 days after treatment, compared to baseline (P < 0.0001). The adverse event rate for Arm B (5.1%) was higher than for Arms A (2.8%) (P = 0.04) and C (1.9%) (P = 0.02). There were no serious adverse events in any group. It appears that standard dose polaprezinc combined with triple therapy can significantly improve the H. pylori eradication rate, without an increase in toxicity.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amoxicillin / administration & dosage*
  • Amoxicillin / pharmacology
  • Carnosine / administration & dosage
  • Carnosine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Carnosine / pharmacology
  • Clarithromycin / administration & dosage*
  • Clarithromycin / pharmacology
  • Drug Therapy, Combination / methods
  • Female
  • Gastritis / drug therapy*
  • Gastritis / microbiology
  • Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy*
  • Helicobacter pylori / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Intention to Treat Analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Omeprazole / administration & dosage*
  • Omeprazole / pharmacology
  • Organometallic Compounds / administration & dosage*
  • Organometallic Compounds / pharmacology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Zinc Compounds / administration & dosage
  • Zinc Compounds / pharmacology


  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Zinc Compounds
  • polaprezinc
  • Amoxicillin
  • Carnosine
  • Clarithromycin
  • Omeprazole

Grants and funding

This study was sponsored by Broadwell Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., the manufacturer of polaprezinc. There was no additional external or internal funding received. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.