Performance of muscle strength and fatigue tolerance in young trained women supplemented with caffeine

J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2018 Mar;58(3):249-255. doi: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.06615-4. Epub 2017 Apr 13.


Background: The aim of this paper was to verify the effect of caffeine supplementation on the muscular strength and fatigue tolerance of young trained women.

Methods: Eight women of 25±5-years-old, who had undergone a minimum of 12 months of continuous resisted training, Body Mass Index 20-23 kg/m2 were submitted to 4 tests: One Repetition Maximum (1-RM, kg) to pull down (PD), Hack Squat (HS), Bench Press (BP), and Knee Extension Exhaustion (drop-set, 100/80/60 kg, repetitions) (DS). They performed the tests in 4 consecutive blocks one-week apart crossover system: basal without caffeine (B); first caffeine (C1); placebo with starch supplementation (P); second caffeine (C2). Caffeine supplementation 6 30 minutes before. The paired t-test and repeated ANOVA with Tukey-Kramer were performed.

Results: Respectively for B, C1, P and C2 to each test were PD (52, 54, 56, 55, P>0.05); HS (99, 109, 108, 121*; P<0.001); BP (22, 26*, 25*, 27*; P<0.05); DS (28, 35*,**, 30*, 37**; P<0.001). To comparison of B, P and mean caffeine (C1+C2/2) results respectively were: HS (99, 108*, 115***; P<0.05); BP (22, 25*, 26*; P<0.05); DS (28, 30#, 36**; P<0.01 and P<0.001). The delta ([C1+C2/2]-[B+P/2]) were PD=0 (P>0.05), HS=12 (P=0.04), BP=3 (P=0.007), DS=7 (P=00.1).

Conclusions: Caffeine improved tolerance to exhaustion and has tendency to improve strength in this young women. Probably caffeine supplementation is useful to improve performance in women engaged in sports with these physical valences. An investigation with a major numbers of volunteers could elucidate some controversies observed here.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Caffeine / administration & dosage*
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Dietary Supplements / analysis
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Fatigue / physiopathology
  • Fatigue / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Muscle Strength
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Endurance / physiology
  • Resistance Training / methods
  • Women
  • Young Adult


  • Caffeine