Early-Onset Alzheimer Disease

Neurol Clin. 2017 May;35(2):263-281. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2017.01.005.


Early-onset Alzheimer disease (EOAD), with onset in individuals younger than 65 years, although overshadowed by the more common late-onset AD (LOAD), differs significantly from LOAD. EOAD comprises approximately 5% of AD and is associated with delays in diagnosis, aggressive course, and age-related psychosocial needs. One source of confusion is that a substantial percentage of EOAD are phenotypic variants that differ from the usual memory-disordered presentation of typical AD. The management of EOAD is similar to that for LOAD, but special emphasis should be placed on targeting the specific cognitive areas involved and more age-appropriate psychosocial support and education.

Keywords: Alzheimer disease; Dementia; Early-onset dementia; Logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia; Progressive cortical atrophy; Young-onset dementia.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Age of Onset
  • Alzheimer Disease / diagnosis*
  • Alzheimer Disease / physiopathology*
  • Disease Progression*
  • Humans