Purpose: To compare complication rates, visual acuity, and refractive outcomes of secondary intraocular lens (IOLs) implantation.
Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
Design: Retrospective case series.
Methods: All secondary IOLs placed by the anterior segment service were reviewed. Preoperative data, operative reports, and data from each subsequent postoperative visit were evaluated. Patients were divided into 5 groups based on the final IOL position: (1) sulcus with optic capture, (2) sulcus without optic capture, (3) anterior chamber (AC), (4) iris-fixated, and (5) transscleral-sutured. Complication rates, visual acuity, and refractive outcomes were compared for each group.
Results: The sulcus with and without optic capture groups had the lowest complication rates and best visual acuity outcomes. There was no difference in final corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) between the transscleral-sutured IOL, iris-fixated IOL, and AC IOL groups, although the AC IOL group had the lowest rates of early postoperative complications and a significant improvement in vision. The transscleral-sutured IOL group had the highest complication rates, and 25% of patients in the iris-fixated IOL group lost 2 or more lines of CDVA.
Conclusions: When a secondary IOL cannot be placed within the capsular bag, sulcus with optic capture is the best alternative, followed by sulcus without optic capture. There was no difference in visual acuity outcomes between transscleral-sutured IOLs, iris-fixated IOLs, and AC IOLs. Anterior chamber IOLs resulted in fewer early complications.
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