Background and aims: Substantial residual cardiovascular risks remain despite intensive statin treatment. Residual risks with high triglyceride and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol are not the primary targets of statins. K-877 (pemafibrate) demonstrated robust efficacy on triglycerides and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and a good safety profile as a monotherapy. The aim of these studies was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of K-877 add-on therapy to treat residual hypertriglyceridaemia during statin treatment.
Methods: The objectives were investigated in two, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group comparison clinical trials: (A) K-877 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4 mg/day in combination with pitavastatin for 12 weeks in 188 patients, (B) K-877 0.2 (fixed dose) and 0.2 (0.4) (conditional up-titration) mg/day in combination with any statin for 24 weeks in 423 patients.
Results: In both studies, we found a robust reduction in fasting triglyceride levels by approximately 50% in all combination therapy groups, which was significant compared to the statin-monotherapy (placebo) groups (p < 0.001). High-performance liquid chromatography analysis for lipoprotein subfractions revealed that atherogenic lipoprotein profiles were ameliorated by K-877 add-on therapy, i.e. small low-density lipoproteins decreased whereas larger ones increased, and larger high-density lipoproteins decreased whereas smaller ones increased. The incidence rates of adverse events and adverse drug reactions in K-877 combination therapy groups were comparable to those in statin-monotherapy groups without any noteworthy event in both studies.
Conclusions: These results strongly support the favourable benefit-to-risk ratio of K-877 add-on therapy in combination with statin treatment.
Keywords: Combination therapy; Dyslipidaemia; K-877; Pemafibrate; SPPARMα; Statin; Triglyceride.
Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.